Heroin, known also as diamorphine among other names, is an opiate mostly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects. Medically it is often used to relieve pain and in opioid replacement therapy. Heroin is typically used via injection, usually into a vein; however, the drug can also be smoked, snorted or inhaled. Effects of the Opioid are rapid and lasts for a few hours.Seek help as soon as possible if you or a loved one is suffering from Heroin addiction immediately. Contact us so we can get you help right away. Opioid abuse is no joke. It will always end in tragedy.
Side effects include respiratory depression (decreased breathing) and about a quarter of those who use the Opioid become physically dependent. Other side effects can include abscesses, infected heart valves, blood borne infections, constipation, and pneumonia. After a history of long-term use, withdrawal symptoms can begin within hours of last use. When given by injection into a vein, heroin has two to three times the effect as a similar dose of morphine. It typically comes as a white or brown powder.
Treatment of Opioid addiction often includes behavioral therapy and medications. Medications used may include methadone or naltrexone. A Opioid overdose may be treated with naloxone. An estimated 17 million people as of 2015 use opiates such as heroin, which together with opioids resulted in 122,000 deaths. The total number of opiate users has increased from 1998 to 2007 after which it has remained more or less stable. In the United States about 1.6 percent of people have used heroin at some point in time. When people die from overdosing on a drug, the drug is usually an opioid.
The Opioid was first made by C. R. Alder Wright in 1874 from morphine, a natural product of the opium poppy. Internationally, heroin is controlled under Schedules I and IV of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drug. It is generally illegal to make, possess, or sell heroin without a license. In 2015 Afghanistan produced about 66% of the world’s opium. Often heroin, which is illegally sold, is mixed with other substances such as sugar or strychnine.